The global pressure relief devices market size was USD 3.41 Billion in 2021 and is expected to register a revenue CAGR of 6.83% during the forecast period. Rising number of hospitalizations, increasing adoption of pressure relieving mattresses by geriatric patients, and rising awareness about pressure ulcers through campaigns and other activities are some of the major factors driving market revenue growth. In addition, rising number of cases of dementia is another factor that is projected to support revenue growth of the pressure relief devices market between 2022 and 2030.
Pressure relief devices are used for relieving and redistributing pressure from specific body parts of patients with limited mobility, increased body weight, or other physiological diseases, that could result in build-up of pressure in particular part of the body. Pressure ulcers are one of the most common effects of accumulated pressure and is observed in body parts that come directly in contact with the surface, or in parts that are experiencing friction from the surface. Prolonged pressure due to accumulation of body weight results in injuries to the skin as well as underlying tissues. Aged patients, who have limited mobility and those dealing with various lifestyle-related conditions, such as obesity, cardiovascular diseases, and diabetes, are at high risk from this medical condition. Bed-ridden patients suffering from cancer, multiple bone fractures, or other diseases have restricted scope of movement and are dependent on hospitals and clinics for treatment and health monitoring, which is increasing adoption of thesedevices in different medical centers.
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Lack of physical activity and static positioning for prolonged periods can lead to development of pressure ulcers, which is further increased by friction between resting surface and body part in contact with surface. According to recommendations of Agency for Health Care Policy and Research, bed-ridden patients must be repositioned after every two hours, with a maximum head elevation of 30 degrees in beds with powered mattresses, if required.
Increasing third-party investments and public-private partnerships in medical infrastructure are also boosting growth of the medical industry and subsequently driving pressure relief devices market growth. Manufacturers are focusing on developing product variants that speed up the healing process of ulcers and ensure a painless recovery for patient. Other factors including rising healthcare expenditure and improving healthcare infrastructure, along with continuous launch of innovative products by key industry players, are projected to drive market revenue growth.
Several developed countries have initiated campaigns related to pressure ulcers, which has increased general awareness related to the disorder. This has resulted in increased adoption of pressure relief devices by individuals who have mobility-related problems, limited movement due to old age or injury, or have a sedentary lifestyle. These are some factors expected to drive market revenue growth.
Drivers: Rising number of hospitalizations and increasing adoption of pressure relieving mattresses by geriatric patients are key factors driving market revenue growth
Over the years, number of patients admitted in hospitals has increased rapidly. This can be attributed to several factors, such as increasing cases of road accidents, leading to severe injuries and rising prevalence of chronic diseases that require long-term care. Aforementioned situations require patients to rest and lie down on hospital or residential beds for entire duration of treatment, which may result in development of pressure ulcers. Accumulation of pressure on specific body parts due to immobility causes tissue damage in the region and eventually leads to bed sores and infection. According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), about 60,000 out of 2.5 million patients developing bed sores during hospitalization die every year. Pressure relief mattresses have gained adoption in recent years to reduce mortality rate, which is expected to drive revenue growth of the market.
Hospitals and long-term healthcare centers have increasingly adopted static devices, such as foam, gel, and air mattresses, for redistributing body weight of patients to avert ulcer development. Multispecialty hospitals also install powered mattresses, which are dynamic pressure relief devices set in a semi- or fully-automated electrical bed frame. This enables patients to periodically change their position, or allow a nurse to do so, in case they suffer from mobility problems. Paraplegic individuals, patients of chronic diseases, such as cancer and cardiovascular diseases, and patients in comatose, have to stay in bed for prolonged durations for treatment. This can lead to development of sores in tailbone, spine, shoulder blades, back of head, hip, and areas around hip joint, heels, and ankles. Cushions and mats designed for uniform weight distribution are increasingly used by patients availing long-term healthcare services in hospitals or in their residences.
Certain factors, such as immobility, increased exposure to stool and urine, neurological damage resulting in loss of sensory perception, and medical conditions affecting normal blood flow, increase risk of developing bedsores. Aged individuals, especially those suffering from disorders, such as dementia, pose a greater risk as they display aforementioned symptoms, coupled with frailty This reduces protective fat and muscle from patient’s body and problems with communication, which makes them unable to express their discomfort to Healthcare Providers (HCPs). Reports suggest that over 40% patients of advanced dementia have developed pressure ulcers before death. Early stage detection allows patient to be treated early, however late stage ulcers are difficult to cure and are not covered under reimbursement policies in several countries, which is why caregivers are increasingly installing pressure relief devices in beds and chairs of dementia patients to prevent development of sores. This is another factor expected to support market revenue growth over the forecast period.
Restraints: Lack of reimbursement in case of late-stage pressure ulcers is restraining market revenue growth
Pressure-induced injuries are excluded from medical reimbursements in many countries, which is expected to increase burden of medical costs for patients. For instance, the U.S. Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) guidelines, state that stage 3 and stage 4 pressure ulcer treatment will not be covered under reimbursement health policies. This is resulting in reluctance of patients to adopt pressure relief devices for long-term healing, which will increase their medical expenses burden and preference for short-term medicinal alternatives. This is a major factor restraining market revenue growth.
Although, devices are bio-compatible and designed to provide maximum comfort to its users, certain disadvantages result in reduced patient use. For instance, gel or fiber-filled booties, which are used for relieving foot and ankle pressure, are difficult to keep in place and rendered unusable for mobile patients. Pressure Reducing Ankle Foot Orthosis (PRAFO) devices are bulky, expensive, and require external strappings to hold it in place. These are some other factors expected to hamper market revenue growth over the coming years.
The global pressure relief devices market has recovered significantly after experiencing a setback as a result of COVID-19 pandemic. In 2020, as demand for most medical resources were steadily shifting toward COVID-based equipment and medications, supply of other devices came to a halt temporarily. During the first quarter of 2021, when number of cases increased with prevalence of second wave, patients were bedridden for longer period of time, which resulted in an increase in purchase of mattresses by hospitals that redistribute patient’s body weight to prevent bedsores. Following the lockdown, companies and manufacturers capitalized on revenue opportunities and started investing in regions where the healthcare sector is undergoing transformation. Also, prone positioning, which improves lung perfusion and oxygenation in patients who display early stages of respiratory disorders related to coronavirus disease, has caused pressure ulcers and facial edema due to decreased range of mobility. Pressure relief devices, such as powered and foam mattresses, are used to prevent formation of pressure points and distribute body weight uniformly. Moreover, due to implementation of lockdown in several countries, online workshops and training programs increased, which enabled healthcare providers to reach out to medical staff for conducting pressure ulcer prevention training sessions with easy accessibility.
Based on type, the global pressure relief devices market is segmented into static and dynamic. The static segment is expected to account for a significantly large revenue share over the forecast period. Low cost, easy availability, and ease of installing static devices such as gel, air, foam mattresses, cushions, and shear-free fabrics is increasing adoption among aged patients and patients with limited mobility, who are availing long-term home care-based treatment. Moreover, various manufacturers are designing innovative mattresses and fabrics with fluid-proof, antimicrobial, and cleanable properties, which is increasing adoption of static devices and driving revenue growth of this segment.
The dynamic segment is projected to register a rapid CAGR between 2022 and 2030 due to technological improvements in device designing. Devices, such as powered mattresses, electrical beds, and cushions, are powerful, electrically-operated, and enable users to adjust device settings to reposition themselves and achieve maximum comfort. They are specifically designed for periodic pressure redistribution, providing several therapeutic benefits to mobility-impaired patients, which can be controlled remotely either by patient or caregiver. Dynamic air therapy beds and kinetic beds are rapidly gaining demand in clinics and multispecialty hospitals due to ease of use and technological advancements, which is driving revenue growth of this segment.
Based on application, the global pressure relief devices market is segmented into pressure ulcers, foot ulcers, and others. The pressure ulcers segment is expected to account for a significantly large revenue share over the forecast period. Increasing hospitalizations due to diseases and injuries is one of the key reasons driving revenue growth of this segment. Data from the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) suggest that around 15% of total geriatric patients will develop bedsores within the first week of hospitalization. In case of long-term care, pressure ulcers are likely to develop within four weeks of admission for elderly patients. Research also associates pressure ulcers with increased mortality, therefore treatment and measures for prevention become of paramount importance. Pressure relief devices, such as mattresses, cushions, and pads, are being increasingly used in homes, long-term health cares, and hospitals with bed-ridden patients for uniform distribution of pressure exerted. This is due to body pressure and prevents accumulation of pressure on particular zones to prevent sores and tissue damage, which is expected to support revenue growth of this segment.
The foot ulcers segment is expected to register a steady CAGR over the forecast period. Patients of diabetes are more likely to develop open sores in their feet, which can further develop into an abscess, cellulitis, gangrene, or osteomyelitis. Extreme conditions may require part of foot to be amputated, which is why doctors prescribe pressure relieving devices and footwear to patients from early stages to prevent a medical crisis. According to 2022 statistics from the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), around 9 to 26 million cases of diabetic foot ulcers are recorded globally each year. 15%-25% of total diabetes mellitus patient pool develops a foot sore during their lifetime. While infection is treated through antibiotics and HCPs prescribe therapeutic gear, such as pressure relieving footwear, to prevent worsening of old ulcers and development of new ulcers. With projections suggesting a steady rise in cases of foot ulcers, revenue in this segment is expected to grow steadily over the coming years.
Based on end use, the pressure relief devices market is segmented into hospitals, clinics, long term care centers, and others. The hospital segment accounted for largest market revenue share in 2021, as patients prefer hospitals for treatment of severe diseases such as cancer, cardiac arrest, and injuries in spinal cord, limb, and head. This is due to presence of skilled healthcare professionals in hospitals, better reimbursement policies, and higher purchasing power, thereby, enabling hospitals to provide treatment using advanced devices and procedures. Since these diseases and injuries restrict range of mobility, patients are prone to develop pressure ulcers on their back, hip, tailbone, ankles, and feet. Hospitals install medical pressure relieving mattresses and cushions to prevent pressure accumulation at contact points and avert damage of cells and tissues. Rising development of hospitals and rapid urbanization are expected to significantly boost revenue growth of this segment over the forecast period.
The long-term care centers segment is expected to register a rapid CAGR during the forecast period. Rising prevalence of chronic diseases and increasing geriatric population requiring constant and exhaustive medical attention are increasing preference of patients to choose long-term care centers for treatment. Treatment in hospitals is only essential for patients who require immediate therapeutic or medical solutions to cure the disease or decrease pain. For sustained, long-term care, hospitals are expensive for patients and also increasing number of patients for doctors, therefore these care centers are increasingly installing static and dynamic devices, according to needs of patient so that they do not develop pressure ulcers, which is driving revenue growth of this segment.
Based on regional analysis, the Asia Pacific pressure relief devices market is expected to account for a significantly large revenue share during the forecast period, owing to increasing adoption of pressure relieving devices by surging geriatric population in this region, which is more prone to development of pressure sores. According to studies published in the NCBI report, there was an increasing prevalence of community-acquired pressure ulcers in geriatric patient pool in Indonesia. Studies conducted in the recent past in India have revealed higher mortality rates in hospitalized patients with pressure ulcers and prevalence of over 4%. These findings are expected to increase awareness among the population in this region to adopt pressure relieving devices for early prevention of sores, which is expected to drive revenue growth of the Asia Pacific pressure relief devices market.
The North America pressure relief devices market is expected to register a rapid CAGR between 2022 and 2030 due to rising incidences of chronic diseases causing patients to be bed-ridden for a longer period. A 2020 report by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), estimates that over 51% of the U.S. population is suffering from one chronic disease and over 27% have multiple chronic conditions. Rising development of multispecialty hospitals and reimbursement options for treatment of stage 1 and stage 2 pressure sores are increasing adoption of static and dynamic devices in countries in this region.
The Europe pressure relief devices market is expected to register a steady revenue growth over the forecast period. Campaigns initiated by the government of UK in the recent past, such as “Stop the Pressure”, “Zero Pressure”, and “Island-wide Pressure Ulcer Prevention Campaign” to raise awareness among population regarding pressure ulcers, is increasing adoption of pressure relief devices in countries in this region. According to a report published in 2022, implementation of national patient safety program has resulted in a significant decline in pressure ulcer cases in Sweden. Population of the region is expected to increase use of pressure redistributing devices to further decline the number of cases.
Major Companies and Competitive Landscape
Competitive landscape of global pressure relief devices market is moderately fragmented with many key players operating on global and regional levels. These players are engaged in product development and strategic alliances to expand their respective portfolio and gain a robust footing in the global market. Companies profiled in the global market include Smith & Nephew PLC, Stryker Corporation, 3M Health Care, Medtronic PLC, Direct Healthcare Group, Invacare Corporation, Drive DeVilbiss Healthcare Ltd., Apex Medical Corporation, GE Healthcare, and Acelity L.P. Inc.
- In September 2021, The Vita Group, a leading producer of flexible polyurethane-based foam, made an announcement about the acquisition of Usleep, which is involved in production of mattresses, from Northedge Capital LLP. Product portfolio of Usleep comprises spring, foam, and hybrid mattresses for several leading retailers in the UK and for bed-in-a-box brands. It also manufactures automated mattress production processes.
- In November 2022, Rober, a UK-based company that specializes in development and production of ‘zero pressure’ technology, made an announcement about introduction of a novel pediatric mattress. Rober is introducing a 3 cell-cycle alternating pressure mattress replacement system intended to support children up to 13 years of age. AirFlex TRIO Junior mattress will cater to a weight of up to 60 kilograms and has been developed to be used as a pressure relief device in pediatric units and children’s hospitals globally.
- In March 2021, Direct Healthcare Group acquired Talley Group for strengthening solutions offering to customers. Through this acquisition, Direct Healthcare Group, which is a leading European manufacturer of pressure care, specialist seating, patient handling, and bathroom safety solutions, strengthened its existing pressure ulcer prevention portfolio, with entries into negative pressure wound therapy and intermittent pneumatic compression therapy markets.
Segments Covered in the Report
This report offers historical data and forecasts revenue growth at a global, regional & country level, and provides analysis of market trends in each of the sub-segments from 2022 to 2030. For this study, Reports and Data has segmented the pressure relief devices market based on product type, component, end use, and region:
Pressure Relief Devices Market Report Scope
Segments covered By Type Outlook, Application Outlook, End-Use Outlook, Regional Outlook
By Type Outlook
By Application Outlook
By End-Use Outlook
Long-Term Care Centers
Middle East & Africa
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